On 26 January 2012, Front Line Defenders launched its 2012 Annual Report on human rights defenders, which highlights global trends and developments in the situation of human rights defenders in 2011 and analyses the situation in each region of the world. The Report highlights the fact that while international media and public attention focused on the dramatic events unfolding across the Middle East and North Africa, elsewhere repressive governments continued to respond to any challenge to their power and privileges with violent repression.
The Report is based on Front Line Defenders’ work in support of human rights defenders at risk. In 2011, Front Line Defenders issued 256 urgent appeals on 594 human rights defenders at risk in 70 countries; it provided 189 security grants and trained more than 470 human rights defenders. Overall, more than 1380 HRDs benefited from Front Line Defenders’ protection support in 2011.
The report might be downloaded here: Front Line Defenders 2012 Annual Report on HRDs
Strategic litigation is a method that can bring significant changes in the law, practice or public awareness via taking carefully-selected cases to court. With strategic cases, although the initial step is seeking to clarify an individual complaint before the court, in addition to clarifying the individual case the aim is to obtain justice for a whole group which might potentially find itself in a similar or comparable situation. Furthermore, strategic litigation is a legal tool for bringing social, legal and political change by using an individual case of human rights violation. In other words, the aim is to create legal precedents.
Through conduction of a strategic litigation it is aimed to:
• Create progressive jurisprudence which advances human rights and fundamental freedoms
• Instigate reform of national laws which do not comply with international human rights law
• Ensure that laws are interpreted and enforced properly
• Document human rights violations by the judiciary.
As a result of strategic litigation the following outcomes might be achieved:
• Develop civil society and mobilize communities
• Develop democratic values and the Rule of Law
• Develop legal culture.
On January 22nd Human Rights Watch released annual World Report summarizing human rights conditions in more than 90 countries and territories. The Armenian Chapter is available Human Rights Watch World Report 2012 Armenian Chapter
On January 14-15, 2012 “Center for Strategic Litigations” HR NGO conducted a two-day training entitled “European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms: articles 3 and 13 and the procedure for applying to European Court of Human Rights in case of their violation”. The training was organized for advocates, practicing lawyers and Law students of Lori region, within the framework of “Supporting Human Rights Cases through Legal Education” project, supported by the US Embassy Public Affairs Section and the USAAA.
The aim of the training was enriching the skills of advocates and the lawyers regarding European Court of Human Rights and to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. About 30 advocates and lawyers had a chance to share their experience and obtain new knowledge regarding European mechanisms of human rights protection through having discussions about concrete cases.
During the training a real case that was litigated in national courts and was being prepared to be submitted to European Court of Human Rights was presented and discussed, which illustrated the violations of the 3rd and 13th articles of the Convention. The participants shared with their experience and gave recommendations regarding the case. Furthermore the application form for applying to European Court of Human Rights was presented and discussed. Within the frames of the project the specialists of the organization will also provide with practical assistance to advocates for preparing the cases litigated in national courts in order to submit to the European Court of Human Rights.